The futuristic monuments photographed by Jan Kempenaers as he traveled throughout the Balkans, are part of a series of monuments commissioned by former Yugoslavian president Josip Broz Tito in the 1960s and 70s to commemorate sites where WWII battles took place (like Tjentište, Kozara and Kadinjača), or where concentration camps stood (like Jasenovac and Niš). They were designed by different sculptors (Dušan Džamonja, Vojin Bakić, Miodrag Živković, Jordan and Iskra Grabul, to name a few) and architects (Bogdan Bogdanović, Gradimir Medaković…), conveying powerful visual impact to show the confidence and strength of the Socialist Republic. In the 1980s, these monuments attracted millions of visitors per year, especially young pioneers for their “patriotic education.” After the Republic dissolved in early 1990s, they were completely abandoned.
Paper Alphabet is a bespoke typeface created especially for Sculpture Today, a comprehensive and illustrated overview of contemporary sculpture published by Phaidon Press.
The alphabet sprung from wanting to highlight what makes sculpture different from other art forms. by cutting and folding a flat sheet of paper, a three-dimensional alphabet was devised. A considerable amount of effort went into crafting and arranging the letterforms, each one playfully varying in shape, the depth remaining constant.
The legibility of the type is greatly influenced by the angle from which it is viewed. When viewed directly from above, the edges of the paper create outlines, making the letterforms easy to read.
Abstract from : The Art Story
Throughout his prolific career as a painter, sculptor, printmaker and architect, Frank Stella has been known for helping to launch the Minimalism movement and then for breaking away from it. First impacting the art world by endowing non-representational artwork with new significance, Stella’s instantly acclaimed 1958 Minimalist paintings contrasted Abstract Expressionism’s emotional canvases.
Photos : MoMA